Copper stimulates formation of normal red blood cells, acts as a catalyst in the storage and release of iron in order for hemoglobin to form for red blood cells. It helps activation of several enzymes involved in cell breathing, stimulates formation of connecting tissues and plays a role in the synthesis of collagen and melanin.
Biotin or vitamin H2 is part of numerous enzymes responsible for lipid and propionic acid synthesis and in glucogenesis: it is indispensable for the maintenance of healthy skin and fur, as well as for the proper functioning of sweat glands, nerve tissues, etc.
In addition to its role in skin health, fats resorption and appetite regulation, zinc has antioxidant properties, aids the maintenance of normal taste and smell sensations, DNA and RNA synthesis and promotes normal growth and development, as well as animal reproduction processes.
Folic acid plays a major role in erythrocyte synthesis, regulation of glycemia and cell partition.
In addition to its role in bone formation, it is a component of phosphate compounds in charge of energy transfer in an organism. It is also a component of physiologically active substances, phospholipids and nucleic acids.
Iron is an essential mineral which, besides its role in the enzyme systems, plays part in the transfer and exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
Choline, besides its role in nerve tissue through acetyl choline, has an indispensable role in normal metabolism of fats and prevention of fatty liver.
With its role in thyroid gland hormones, it aids regulation of metabolism, growth, reproduction, thermoregulation and mental development.
Calcium is crucial in the formation of strong bones and teeth. It also regulates blood clotting, plays a part in muscle contraction, maintenance of cell membrane permeability, affects nervous and muscular irritability as well as hormone secretion.
It is necessary for bone growth and thyroid hormone production. It makes for bone and cartilage quality and also plays an important role in the functioning of numerous mitochondrial enzymes.
Manganese is a component of metalloenzymes and plays a part in choline biosynthesis and cholesterol genesis, i.e. in lipid transfer. It is an indispensable mineral in carbo-hydrates metabolism, normal functioning of nervous tissues and pregnancy maintenance (its role in the yellow body).
Fats are sources of energy and precursors of biological molecules formation.
Metabolic energy of food (ME) represents the part of energy which entered metabolic processes.
Sodium, along with potassium, has a role in the transfer of nervous impulses in muscle contractions.
Niacin or vitamin B3 plays part in carbohydrate metabolism, oxidation and synthesis of fatty acids and tryptophan synthesis.
the Latin word Panthos means everywhere, which indicates that pantothenic acid is widely spread everywhere in nature. It is irreplaceable in fats, proteins and carbohydrates metabolism.
Ash consists of minerals (macro and micro elements) in food.
Proteins are the most important organic molecules of all living systems, as their name suggests – the Greek word proteus, means the first, the most important. It would be hard to find a function in an organism or a cell which is carried out without the participation of proteins.
Selenium, through selenium-dependent enzymes is responsible for the protection of organisms from free radicals. It is irreplaceable in the protection of tissues in which other antioxidant systems are not present.
Provide good food digestibility
Taurine is an amino acid which plays a role in the functioning of the brain and heart, as well as in the cell membranes stabilization. Its functions in the metabolism of gall bladder, eyes, blood vessels are well known, and it also has antioxidant and detoxicating effects.
Vitamin A is fundamental for skin, mucous membranes and eyes health. It is an oil soluble vitamin, required for the normal functioning of reproductive, respiratory and immune systems.
Vitamin B1 or thiamine is a B group vitamin involved in carbohydrates metabolism and crucial for the normal functioning of nervous tissues.
Vitamin B12 is a coenzyme in the protein and lipid synthesis, in the methyl groups transfer and carbohydrates and fats metabolism. It is fundamental in growth, protein and erythrocytes synthesis.
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) is important for the digestion of carbohydrates and fats, as well as for skin and fur health.
Vitamin B6 or pyridoxine plays a part in amino acids metabolism, through its participation in numerous enzyme systems.
Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant and aids the maintenance of healthy immune system. It takes part in hydrogen transport, hydroxyproline and collagen synthesis and iron storage in ferritin.
Vitamin D in its active form as vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) plays a role in calcium and phosphorus metabolism. It also participates in the modulation of the immune response and maintenance of animal health.
Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant. In plants, it is found in grain germs as the main antioxidant, while in animals it is necessary for the maintenance of reproduction, prevention of heart and skeletal muscular degeneration. Along with selenium, it protects the organism from adverse effects of free radicals.